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Sabtu, 24 Februari 2024

The Statue of Liberty: Symbol of American Freedom

| Sabtu, 24 Februari 2024

Symbol of American Freedom

The Statue of Liberty, also known as Liberty Enlightening the World, stands as one of the most iconic symbols of freedom and democracy in the United States. Located on Liberty Island in New York Harbor, this statue has become a major attraction for tourists from around the globe. However, beyond being a tourist attraction, the Statue of Liberty holds a rich and significant history within the cultural and political context of America.


The Statue of Liberty was a gift from the people of France to the United States, commemorating the Hundredth Anniversary of American Independence and as a symbol of friendship between the two nations. Designed by French architect Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi and built in collaboration with French engineer Gustave Eiffel, the structure combines artistic beauty and technical prowess.

A Brief History of the Statue of Liberty

The Statue of Liberty, standing tall and proud in New York Harbor, is not just an emblem of freedom; it's a testament to the enduring friendship between France and the United States and a beacon of hope for millions worldwide. Let's delve into the captivating history behind this iconic symbol.

Conception and Design (1865-1875)

The idea for the Statue of Liberty was first proposed by French historian Édouard René de Laboulaye in 1865 as a gift to the United States to commemorate their successful struggle for independence and to honor the spirit of liberty. French sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi was commissioned to design the statue. Inspired by the idea of freedom, Bartholdi conceived a colossal figure of a woman holding a torch aloft, symbolizing enlightenment.

Construction (1876-1884)

Bartholdi collaborated with French engineer Gustave Eiffel to design the statue's iron framework, while the exterior was constructed using thin copper sheets. The statue was constructed in France in pieces, with the copper sheets hammered into shape by skilled craftsmen. Once completed, the statue was disassembled and shipped to the United States in 1885.

Arrival and Assembly (1885-1886)

In June 1885, the disassembled parts of the statue arrived in New York Harbor aboard the French ship Isère. The statue's pedestal, funded by donations from the American public, was constructed on Bedloe's Island (now Liberty Island). The reassembly process was supervised by Bartholdi himself, with assistance from American engineer Richard Morris Hunt. The final piece, the torch, was hoisted into place on October 28, 1886, completing the statue.

Dedication and Symbolism (1886-Present)

On October 28, 1886, President Grover Cleveland dedicated the Statue of Liberty in a ceremony attended by thousands of spectators. The statue quickly became a symbol of freedom and democracy, welcoming immigrants arriving in New York Harbor. The famous poem "The New Colossus" by Emma Lazarus, with its iconic lines "Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free," was later inscribed on a plaque inside the pedestal, further cementing the statue's role as a symbol of hope and opportunity for immigrants.

Renovations and Restorations (20th Century-Present)

Over the years, the Statue of Liberty has undergone several renovations and restorations to preserve its structural integrity and iconic appearance. In the 1980s, the statue underwent a major restoration project to repair damage caused by age, weather, and corrosion. The original torch, replaced in the 1980s restoration, is now on display in the Statue of Liberty Museum, while a new copper torch covered in gold leaf was installed in its place.

Legacy and Impact

Today, the Statue of Liberty stands as an enduring symbol of freedom, democracy, and the enduring friendship between France and the United States. It continues to inspire people from around the world and serves as a reminder of the universal ideals of liberty, equality, and justice for all.

The history of the Statue of Liberty is not just a story of a monumental sculpture but a tale of friendship, perseverance, and the timeless pursuit of liberty and justice for all.


The Statue of Liberty depicts a female figure standing tall, representing Libertas, the Roman goddess of freedom. She wears a crown of thorns reminiscent of the Crown of Thorns worn by Jesus Christ, a universal symbol of suffering and sacrifice. In her hand, she holds a tablet inscribed with the date of the Declaration of Independence of the United States, July 4, 1776, reaffirming the values of democracy and freedom.


The construction of the Statue of Liberty required immense effort from both countries. The statue itself was constructed in France before being disassembled into smaller parts to be shipped to the United States. Upon arrival in New York, these parts were reassembled and erected on Liberty Island.

Historical Role

Since its dedication in 1886, the Statue of Liberty has played a significant role in American history. Over the centuries, the statue has welcomed immigrants arriving at the Port of New York, serving as a symbol of welcome to millions seeking a better life in the United States. The Statue of Liberty also serves as a beacon of hope for millions around the world dreaming of freedom and prosperity in a new land.

Modern Significance

To this day, the Statue of Liberty remains a symbol of freedom, democracy, and unity. As countries around the world continue to struggle to uphold the basic tenets of democracy, the Statue of Liberty reminds us of the importance of individual freedom and human rights. It also stands as a symbol of the ongoing struggle to address social inequality and promote inclusivity and diversity.

Facts about the statue of liberty

1. Height

The Statue of Liberty stands at a total height of approximately 305 feet (93 meters), including its pedestal which is about 154 feet (47 meters) tall.

2. Weight

The total weight of the Statue of Liberty is around 225 tons.

3. Construction Material

The statue is made of a steel framework with an outer layer of copper sheets, approximately 2.37 mm thick.

4. Dedication Date

The Statue of Liberty was dedicated on October 28, 1886, as a gift from France to the United States.

5. Origin of Name

The official name of the statue is "Liberty Enlightening the World," given by its creator, Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi.

6. Female Representation

The female figure depicted in the statue represents Libertas, the Roman goddess of liberty.

7. Key Feature

The statue's crown has seven rays of light, each symbolizing the seven continents and seven seas of the world.

8. Annual Visitors

Over 4 million people visit the Statue of Liberty each year, making it one of the most popular tourist attractions in the world.

9. Location

The statue stands on Liberty Island in New York Harbor, serving as a symbol of arrival for immigrants to the United States.

10. Message of the Statue

In her left hand, the statue holds a tablet inscribed with the date July 4, 1776, the day of the United States Declaration of Independence, reinforcing the message of freedom and democracy.


The Statue of Liberty is not just a physical monument but also a symbol that both commemorates and inspires. It reaffirms the United States' commitment to the values of freedom, equality, and human dignity. More than just a tourist attraction, the Statue of Liberty is a silent witness to humanity's struggle and achievements in the pursuit of freedom and justice.

That is the article entitled The Statue of Liberty: Symbol of American Freedom. If there are any deficiencies or errors in writing this article, the Pustaka Pengetahuan expresses its deepest apologies. Please leave a wise message in the comments column provided. Thank you for visiting, hopefully it's useful.

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